When training for competition or when competing, the body can get injured. The injuries normally come about if proper movements are not made. These movements could be pivoting, kicking, tackling, swimming, jumping or running. It is, therefore, important that people take good care of themselves to avoid injuries. In understanding various sports injuries and their prevention, emphasis should be placed on the nature and extent of the injuries.
Common sports injuries
The chronic knee injury develops gradually over a period of time while the acute knee injury is the sharp and sudden pain experienced by athletes when taking part in sports. The pains are normally out of the blue. Knee injuries are normally caused by a heavy contact or it can be a simple twist. These injuries are among the easiest to sustain.
Knee injuries are very common among rugby and football players which most of them suffering from Posterior Cruciate Ligament, Medial Collateral Ligament and tearing the Anterior Cruciate Ligament.
Shoulder injuries are very common among rugby players because they are majorly caused by falling with the hands outstretched, heavy contact and arm movements that are repetitive. Shoulder injuries are also caused by the strain on the rotator cuff.
These injuries are also known as inversion sprain. Affects athletes from all disciplines. Majorly caused by the ankle rolling outward resulting in the lateral ligaments getting damaged. Athletes involved in sports that involve quick turns such as basketball and football are susceptible to ankle injuries. Strangely, people who are flat-footed are equally at a high risk of suffering from ankle injuries.
Lower back pains
Majorly affects athletes who take part sports that involve bending postures that are repetitive like gymnastics. Secondly, weightlifters who normally place a lot of pressure on their backs are at a high risk of suffering from lower back pains. Lower back pains normally start as inflammation around the back region and spreads downward to the buttocks and leg
These injuries affect the muscles of the thigh area. Athletes involved in football, hurdles and sprinting are susceptible because they involve a lot of movement and frequent changes in directions. Pain is felt when the athletes start to walk or stretch their legs. It is, therefore, advisable for athletes to rest and reduce movements when they start experiencing the pain.
Ways to prevent sports injuries
Warming for at least 15 minutes to enable more blood to be pumped in the muscles. Warming should involve things as simple as jogging. Always start slowly and then gradually increase the intensity. Drink plenty of water and liquids to prevent dehydration before and after exercising.
Have a proper set of equipment for training and sports. The shoes and other protective guards should be appropriate for that sport. Further to this, wear braces if you have knees, ankles, and back that is weak. This is to avoid straining the muscles and worsening the situation. Always seek medical attention whenever you feel something unusual in the body like a sharp pain.
In conclusion, regardless of what you are involved in, understanding various sports injuries and their prevention will go a long way in making you enjoy the way you do best.…