Diabetes is a condition that makes the body unable to produce or respond to the hormone insulin. This leads to abnormal carbohydrate metabolism of and rise in glucose levels in the blood as well as urine. Although one can live with type 2 diabetes without knowing they have it, type 1 diabetes symptoms are usually more severe.
Common diabetes symptoms you should know
Excessive thirst and frequent urination
One of the signs of diabetes is excessive thirst. Thirst does not subside regardless of how much water you drink. This is due to an increase in sugar levels in the blood which makes the body draws in water causing you to drink more water. On the other hand, frequent urination happens when your kidney’s draw sugar from the blood. Since the levels of sugar in the blood is abnormally high, when sugar gets into the kidneys, the high concentration of the sugar causes the kidneys to draw water from the body. This makes you pee more often than usual.
High sugar in the blood causes your body cells to be fatigued. This is because you are constantly thirsty, you are constantly losing lots of fluid through urination. This imbalance can cause your stomach to feel sick, can make you feel like fainting, and the fatigue comes from inflammation of the body cells.
Unexplained weight loss
Since the body’s ability to respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, diabetic patients are likely to lose weight. This is because the body’s inability to convert glucose to energy causes the body to look for alternative sources of energy for your body. Thus, you end up burning fat and muscle to provide energy for your body, in turn, losing overall weight from the body explaining the weight loss.
Wounds that heal slowly
When your wounds do not heal faster, it could be a sure sign that you might have diabetes. Diabetes affects the nerves responsible for the transfer of blood. Once these nerves are affected, blood which is responsible for making wounds heal faster does not reach your wounds making the healing process even slower.
Unexplained skin infection
High sugar levels in the blood can have a negative impact on your immune system. When you have diabetes, your immunity as well as nerves, blood vessels, and general health are in trouble. The decreased flow of the blood to various parts of the body caused by damaged nerves responsible for the transfer of blood to the body cells increases the likelihood of skin infections.
Other symptoms can include blurry vision and tingling and numbness on the hands or feet. Although symptoms can not be noticed easily, it is always best if you suspect you have diabetes to get tested early. Controlled diabetes is easy to manage. Many people live normal lives with diabetes because diabetes is treatable and manageable with the right medication.